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Resources: EDs and Sports 

Research: EDs and Sports

  • Sport and Eating Disorders - Understanding and Managing the Risks, A. Currie, MD, Asian J Sports Med. June 2010
  • Prevalence of eating disorders in elite athletes is higher than in the general population, Clin J Sport Med. January 2004
  • The Female Athlete Triad: An Emerging Role for Physical Therapy, P. Papanek, J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2003, "Briefly, when coupled with inadequate nutrition, the high caloric expenditure of exercise training results in a sustained negative caloric balance or low energy availability, which is exquisitely sensed by the hypothalamus, initiating a complex neuroendocrine adaptive cascade. This cascade is associated with changes in the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis, such that estrogen levels are decreased, resulting in reproductive dysfunction that may include amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, or anovulation. Low estrogen in otherwise young healthy women, like menopause, is associated with decreased bone mineral density and increased risk of fractures. The triad is not an inevitable consequence of participation in sports or physical activity at any level, however, exercise may contribute to the disruption of caloric balance."

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